Animal Hunting Methods

Many hunters employ various techniques or strategies to hunt down an animal. A hunting strategy or hunting method is one used to locate, target and killing that targeting animal. This is because animals are highly sensitive to the presence of predators which makes them elusive for hunters. With an extremely developed sense of smell, they are always on the alert for danger which is why most hunters use certain hunting methods to catch their prey. Here are a few of those strategies employed by hunters.


  1. Aggressive Mimicry: This involves the hunter employing certain signals that lures the prey towards them – a strategy that allows the predator to simply sit and lie in wait until its food comes around to them. The prey is lured by the promise of food or sex, although this is not always the case. As long as the hunter’s real identity is not revealed, it may approach the prey with ease. This strategy dupes the prey into thinking the hunter is another animal.
  2. Baiting: This is when the hunter uses certain lures, decoys, scent or food to lure the targeted animal. Good examples of this would be the use of deer whistles, certain baits which contain sweet molasses combined with the aroma of rotten meat to lure bears or even using a dead animal like antelope to lure a leopard out.
  3. Blind or Stand Hunting: This is a type of cover device which allows hunters to be closer to their prey undetected. Early blinds included a piece of canvas that was stretched on a frame that would allow hunters to approach pheasants and shoot them through a hole in the cloth. Deer blinds may face legal issues depending upon the location. Blinds may include something as simple as sitting still at a tree base or climbing a tree to sit on a hunting platform to get a clearer shot at the target animal.
  4. Calling: This enables hunters to lure animals through the use of certain noises. These include hand held, mouth blown and electronic game calls. Using electronic game calls have grown in popularity as the hunters remain safer, while also allowing them to use all their concentration as well as utilize their hands to focus on the hunt itself instead of using them to use a hand held game call.
  5. Camouflage: Hunters dress up in clothes that reflect their environment as well as use leaves and elements of their surroundings to disguise themselves.
  6. Dogs: Man’s best friend has been used in hunting for centuries and they are used to help herd, drive, track, flush, pursue and retrieve animals.
  7. Flushing: This is when the target animals are scared from their concealments.
  8. Scouting: This involves using a variety of techniques and tasks to locate animals for hunting.
  9. Stalking: This involves when the hunter patiently follows or tracks the animals stealthily. In most cases, killing of the animal has to be done by the hunter when they are close to their target animal; this means that the hunter has to be very stealthy to get close to the animal.
  10. Tracking: This is when the hunter observes the animal’s tracks and other signs to track down the animal. This includes having knowledge of the animal, its habitat and its behavior. Hunters may use their knowledge of the animal’s tracks, feathers, kills, scratching posts, feathers, sounds, scents, marking posts, habitat cues etc which can give the hunter an idea on the identity and location of its prey.
  11. Trapping: This is when hunters use devices like snares and traps to capture or kill the animal.
As long back as I can remember, I’ve always had a picture of my dad in my head – with his boots, hunting pack and his rifle slung over his shoulder as he went out to get food.

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